Git is a fast, scalable, distributed version control system with an unusually rich command set that provides both high-level operations and full access to internals. Git is an Open Source project covered by the GNU General Public License version 2 (some parts of it are under different licenses, compatible with the GPLv2). It was originally written by Linus Torvalds with help of a group of hackers. In this tutorial, you will learn how to Install and Setup Git on Windows.
User with Administrator privileges
Installing Git for Windows
Installing git is easy. You have to just the download the package and proceed to install it on your local machine.
Download Git for Windows
Open the official Git website on your favourite browser: https://git-scm.com/download/win
Click on the download link for Windows and allow the download to complete.
Go to the download location, double-click on the downloaded file and launch the installer.
You should allow the app to make changes to your device by clicking Yes on the User Account when it prompts.
If you want to review the GNU General Public License, then click Next.
Installer ask you for the installation location. Leave the default, unless you got reason to change it, and click Next.
In next dialogue box, choose the default behaviour of ‘git pull’. We will select default and click Next.
If you want to enable experimental support then click on check box and then click on Install.
Now installation will begin.
Here you go. Now Git is installed in your local windows machine.
You can go through the release notes of latest Git version.
Launch Git in Windows
Git has two modes of use:
- A bash scripting shell (or command line)
- A graphical user interface (GUI)
Launch Git GUI
You can launch Git GUI using Windows Start Menu, type Git GUI and press Enter (or click the application icon).
Launch Git Bash Shell
You can launch Git GUI using Windows Start Menu, type Git Bash and press Enter (or click the application icon).
Setting Up Git
The easiest way of setting up Git, is using the git config command. Specifically, you need to provide your name and email address because Git writes this information into each commit you do. When Git successfully installed, you can now move on to the Setting Up Git section of this tutorial to complete your setup.
As you have Git installed in your machine, now you need to follow few things to setting up Git.The easiest way of doing this is using the git config command. Specifically, we need to provide your name and email address because Git writes this information into each commit you do.
You can do this by following commands:
$ git config --global user.name "Your Name" $ git config --global user.email "[email protected]"
You can verify all of the configuration items that you have set by following:
$ git config --list #outut user.name=Your Name [email protected]
There is another method to check the configuration. There is .gitconfig (a hidden config file) that contains all this config information.
$ vi ~/.gitconfig #output [user] name = Your Name email = [email protected]
Once you’re done making changes in this file, you can exit vi by typing the :wq .
Finally, you have learned how to Install Git on Windows . Now you have Git installed in your system and ready to use.